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MISSION

SARAH TAKASHIMA
サラシタカシマについて

Omi Takashima Chijimi has lasted over the centuries since the Edo period, just as the lake of its namesake city has. Spinning yarn is a part of nature in Takashima, such skills have been passed by its people through many generations and still remain today. The original purpose of the material for providing freshness during Japan’s hot and humid months is still as relevant today as it was in ancient times. The techniques and methods used to produce the material create an embossed, absorbent fabric that offers freshness and comfort. Whilst being traditionally used to combat warm temperatures, Takashima Chijimi is also well-suited to more active lifestyles. The characteristics and versatility of the material, which can be used in the manufacture of a wide range of garments, is renowned and demanded across the world. Through Sarah Takashima, Takashima Chijimi has been made available to the global market. The project aims to establish these materials as textiles for universal use to continue this journey. Sarah Takashima seeks to translate the history of the material to suit the modern lifestyle.

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ABOUT

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HISTORY
高島の歴史

Takashima Chijimi, or ‘Chijimi textile’, was first made in Shin-Asahi, a town in Takashima City on the northwest side of Lake Biwa. The fabric was woven by farmers during the winter months at the end of the Edo period. Sales of the cloth to wholesalers in Kyoto and Osaka were sent from Omizo Port in Katsuno or, as it is now known, Takashima. It is thought that the industry assimilates and resembles the water over which its transactions are made. This belief has long been passed down and still remains today.

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Given the texture of the material, it is highly absorbent, making it excellent for those with an active lifestyle. This comfortable material stays fresh even in Japan’s hot and humid climate. In order to meet a wider variety of needs, a range of processes are now used as the fabric is produced from its raw materials. Some examples, including dyeing and staining, which uses water from the Azumi River that flows into Lake Biwa, are possible during production.

TEXTILE

PRODUCT PROCESS
生産過程

The variety of textures within Takashima assimilates the mass of water used during its production process; its name not only represents the textile but also the origin of the twisted yarn. The techniques used to produce Takashima are highly skilled. Compared to more common materials, Takashima Chijimi twists more than twice the amount of cotton yarn strands to create a more open weave for improved ventilation. With this particular type of weave and its stretch, the material dries quickly, preventing it from clinging to the skin.

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Crepe
楊柳 ( ようりゅう )

This is a process to emboss the fabric in a distinctive way. Embossing makes the total area of fabric that touches the skin smaller, and therefore, it feels smoother when you wear it.

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Pique Yoryu

This is a process to emboss the fabric vertically and uniformly so that it looks like stripes. There are four types of Pique Yoryu fabrics. The number of stripes per inch determines the type. The number of stripes per inch are: 10, 13.5, 17 and 19. The most popular type is 17 stripes per inch. Pique Yoryu is mostly used for underwear.

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Wave Embossing Yoryu

This is a fabric embossed like wave. This is the most popular product of our company because the fabric can be used in many different ways. It is mainly used for underwear, nightwear and bed linen.

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Naturally Embossed Yoryu

This is a fabric embossed randomly. The characteristic of the Naturally Embossed Yoryu is the depth of embossing. It is deeper than that of Pique Yoryu or Wave Embossing Yoryu. It is mainly used for pajamas and bed linen.

PRINTING PROCESS
捺染加工

This process is for printing on fabric.    There are two printing methods. One is Pigment printing, which is printing with paint (printing patterns on the surface of the fabric) and the other is Dye printing (dyeing the yarn before the fabric is woven). It is possible to use 5 colors simultaneously during Pigment printing, and the fastest processing speed available is 100 meters per minute.

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Dyeing PROCESS
染色加工

This process is for dyeing the fabric in single color using a jet-dyeing machine. The machine can handle tie-dye and product-dye other than single color dye.

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Why Chijimi is cool
チジミが涼しい理由

Takashima Crepe is made with hard-twisted weft threads. The weft threads are twisted more than twice as hard as normal threads.This extra twist makes embossing more effective and, as a result, less fabric touches the skin. The thread count is 120 whereas it is 180 for normal weaving so that the gap between threads is larger and it is cooler when you wear it. These are the reasons why Takashima Crepe can absorb more sweat and dry quicker. Weft threads are hard-twist yarn so the woven fabric becomes stretchy. Consequently when you wear this fabric, it doesn’t stick to your skin if you sweat and it leaves you feeling cool and fresh. The characteristic of Takashima Crepe is its variety of embossing including random, straight and wavy. This is possible because Takashima is the production region not just for textiles but also twist yarn.

Environmental Challenge
環境への取り組み

Our factory uses a biological treatment method to remove polluting substances from the processing effluent dependent upon aspects of water contamination in rivers, lakes and swamps. Industrial liquid waste from our factory is a mixture of cotton impurities from grey fabric, starch, warp yarn glue such as PVA, and finishing agents. Consequently, it is high in PH, BOD, COD and SS concentration. The condensation and coagulation method (removal of starch, PVA and hue) and the activated sludge type wastewater treatment (the cleansing of impurities by certain organisms and the decomposition into water and carbon dioxide) are used to bring down the levels of BOD, COD and SS and to keep the PH level at neutral. With the above measures, we make sure we preserve the natural environment. We meet all the requirements of laws and regulations, including the Water Pollution Control Law, the prefectural law, the city law and the Ordinance for the Prevention of Eutrophication of Lake Biwa, which was introduced in July 1981.

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